Infographics

How has the electricity consumption in Austria changed since the beginning of the corona crisis? Does the development have an influence on imports, exports or the wholesale electricity price? APG is regularly publishing infographics relating to these and many other questions on this page, and the portfolio is continuously being expanded.

Electricity consumption

Electricity consumption in Austria year on year

Despite Lockdown: Stabilization of Electricity Consumption at Low Level

During the cold season traditionally more electricity is consumed. However, the shutdown of retail businesses clearly has an effect on electricity consumption. After the first weeks of the partial lockdown and one week (CW 47) of the strict lockdown in November the consumption is lagging 7 percent behind the consumption of the reference period in 2019. Nevertheless, given the peak of the corona crisis in May where the consumption dropped by up to 15 percent, the current situation can be described as stabilization at a lower level compared to last year.

Electricity Consumption in Europe 2020 in Comparison to 2019

A look at the European electricity consumption shows that especially France with currently minus 14 percent, and Spain with minus 11 percent in comparison to last year are clearly suffering from the effects of the corona crisis. In both countries the measures of a comprehensive strict lockdown are reflected by the electricity consumption figures, while in Germany (minus two percent) and the Czech Republic (zero percent) the pandemic is barely recognizable in the electricity consumption.

Electricity Consumption in Europe preview

Renewable Sources

Anteil Strom aus erneuerbare Energien - Überblick

Unaltered high share of renewables in electricity supply

The electricity consumption during the first half of the year could be covered 100% by green energy for a total of seven weeks, similarly this was the case for another six weeks during the period between the beginning of July until the end of October. In addition to electricity from wind and PV facilities hydroelectric power generation accounts for a large share of the power generation. In Austria the streamflow of the Danube is decisive for a majority of the run-of-river generation, which in 2020 ranged up to 40 percent above the long-term average on certain days. Towards the end of the year the streamflow naturally decreases while at the same time electricity consumption increases (e.g. heating). Under the current conditions it is therefore difficult to cover the demand during the last quarter of the year 100% with energy from renewables.

Diagram: Coverage of electricity consumption in 2020 since the beginning of the year: share of renewables in percent/calendar week

Import / Export

Electricity imports/exports in Austria since the beginning of the year

Due to the corona-related low electricity consumption and the efficient energy production from renewables – run-of-the-river power plants produced up to 40% more than the long-term average on certain days – Austria was frequently and over long periods able to export electricity. Since the electricity consumption naturally increases during the colder season and since it is also normal that the electricity production from renewables decreases at the same time, more electricity has to be imported at the moment. On November 1 the imported electricity volume was 27 GWh. However, a look at October 2020 shows that with 241 GWh considerably less electricity had to be imported than in the comparison month 2019(1069 GWh). 

Electricity prices

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Energy transmission