Infographics

How has the electricity consumption in Austria changed since the beginning of the corona crisis? Does the development have an influence on imports, exports or the wholesale electricity price? APG is regularly publishing infographics relating to these and many other questions on this page, and the portfolio is continuously being expanded.

Electricity consumption

Electricity Consumption in Austria year on year - overview

Lockdown reduces domestic electricity consumption by an average of minus 5 percent

One look at the diagram illustrating the domestic electricity consumption shows that it has been lower than that of last year almost all year long. While the lowest point was reached after the first lockdown in March – due to the corona crisis – with minus 15 percent, several factors colluded in calendar week 49 so that last year’s level could almost be reached with 1,311 GWh. However, one must not be confused by such spikes, since the average electricity consumption all through November ranged around minus 5 percent in comparison with the reference month last year. These figures are due to the second lockdown affecting retail businesses, hotels and industry. Also variations in temperature and public holidays may be possible explanations for the difference.

(figure: Based on operating data including effects of temperature variations and holidays)

Electricity consumption in Europe 2020, year-on-year comparison

A comparison on a European level shows that especially in France the electricity consumption has stabilized after a low in recent weeks. Mid-December the consumption even ranged four percent above that of last year. In contrast, the effects of the corona crisis and the lockdown measures are still clearly visible in Austria (minus six percent) and Italy (minus seven percent).

Electricity Consumption in Europe preview

Renewable Sources

Anteil Strom aus erneuerbare Energien - Überblick

Normal seasonal decrease of production from renewables

The production of electricity from renewable sources, in particular run-of-river power plants usually decreases when the colder season approaches. Therefore it is no longer possible to cover the electricity demand purely with renewables, since simultaneously the consumption goes up during this time of the year. Throughout the year the production of green electricity was quite good – the streamflow of the run-of-river plants ranged up to 40 percent above the long-term average on certain days – which means that this year the electricity demand could already be covered by energy from renewables for eleven weeks.

Diagram: Coverage of electricity consumption in 2020 since the beginning of the year: share of renewables in percent/calendar week

Import / Export

Electricity imports/exports in Austria since the beginning of the year

In contrast to the seasonal decrease of the overall electricity production from renewables during the colder months of the year, the increased need of heating or lights that have to be switched on earlier and for a longer period of time mean that consumption is also higher during these months. The difference between the electricity consumption and the coverage of the demand with energy from renewables has to be balanced with imports of electricity from conventional production. However, exceptions are possible: on December 8, 16 GWh could be exported, which can be explained by the lower electricity consumption due to the public holiday in Austria.

Electricity prices

Redispatch

Energy transmission